Module 4. People in Societies
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A. Analyze the influence of different cultural perspectives on the actions of groups. Cultural perspectives are the set of attitudes, values and ideas belonging to a cultural group. Consider the different cultural perspectives that influence the way people feel about and act as players in historical events.
B. Analyze the consequences of oppression, discrimination and conflict between cultures. Throughout history, people of one culture have oppressed the people of another. Genocide is the systematic killing of large numbers of people on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political beliefs, social status or other factors.
C. Analyze the ways that contacts between people of different cultures result in exchanges of cultural practices. Due to advances in transportation and communication, we have witnessed a rise in the pace and scale of cultural diffusion. Cultural diffusion refers to the spread of different cultural beliefs and practices throughout the world. Our modern world has experienced significant cultural diffusion. Faster and cheaper transportation has allowed more people to travel around the world. Greater trading of regional products has also contributed to cultural diffusion.
To learn more about these benchmarks, read Chapter 6: People in Societies, pp. 80-94 in Mastering the Ohio Graduation Test Social Studies.