Module 3. History: Patterns in American Domestic Affairs
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F. Identify major historical patterns in the domestic affairs of the United States during the 20th century and explain their significance.
The 1920s brought dramatic changes to Americans’ lives. Both African Americans and women dominated this scene of change. African Americans came from the South to northern cities seeking better wages. Additionally, women saw their chance to demand more freedoms. Their dress, dance and vocations changed what popular American culture defined as a “modern woman.”
The stock market crash of 1929 ushered in a decade in which millions of people suffered through unemployment and poverty.
During World War II, the nation’s economy shifted to wartime production. Opportunities opened up in factories African Americans and women.
Following World War II, the standard of living rose for many, but not all, Americans. After World War II, African Americans continued to advance their movement for civil rights in the United States. The civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s resulted in several victories for African Americans.
To learn more about this benchmark, read Chapter 5: Patterns in American Domestic Affairs, pp. 64-78 in Mastering the Ohio Graduation Test Social Studies.